Abiotic Factors: All the non-living things that affect living thing in the ecosystem.
Examples: Sun, temperature, soil
Biotic Factors: All the living things that affect living things in the ecosystem.
Examples: Decomposer, Plants, animals, fungi, people
Community: All of the organisms that live in the same place.
Consumer: A living thing that eats another living thing.
Example: A deer is a consumer because it eats grass.
Decomposer: An organism that gets its energy from dead organism
Ecology: The study the relationship of organisms in their surroundings.
Ecosystem: The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their nonliving surroundings.
Examples: prairie, forest, lake, stream, pond
Food Chain: A model that shows how energy moves through an ecosystem from the producer to the consumers.
Food Web: A model that shows how food chains overlap in an ecosystem.
Habitat: A place where a living thing lives
Host: The organism that is harmed by another organism
Limiting Factors: Things in the environment that keep the size of a population down.
Niche: organisms role or job, in its habitat
Parasite: An organism that gets its energy from another organism and harms that organism
Population: All the members of one species in a particular area.
Predator: An animal that eats another animal
Prey: An animal that is eaten by another animal
Primary Consumer (Herbivore): Animal that eats a plant.
Example: A caterpillar is a primary consumer because it eats plant leaves.
Producer: Any organism that is able to make its own food from sunlight
Example: Plants make their own food from sunlight so they are called producers
Secondary Consumer (Carnivore): An animal that eats a Primary consumer, eats another animal
Tertiary Consumer: An animal that eats a secondary consumer
Energy Pyramid: A way to show how energy is lost through the different levels of a food web.